Paris Agreement Report

The Paris Agreement Report: Understanding the Latest Developments

The Paris Agreement on climate change was adopted in December 2015, with the aim of limiting global warming to well below 2°C above pre-industrial levels, and pursuing efforts to limit the temperature increase even further to 1.5°C. Countries pledged to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions and submit their own targets, known as Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs), every five years.

The latest Paris Agreement report was released in December 2020, on the fifth anniversary of its adoption. The report highlights the progress made by countries in reducing their emissions, but also underscores the urgent need for greater action to achieve the temperature goals of the agreement.

One of the key findings of the report is that current NDCs are not ambitious enough to keep global warming below 2°C, let alone 1.5°C. The report estimates that current pledges would result in a temperature increase of 2.7°C by the end of the century, which would have catastrophic consequences for the planet and its inhabitants.

The report also notes that the COVID-19 pandemic has had a temporary impact on global emissions, but is not a solution to the climate crisis. The report emphasizes that a green recovery from the pandemic can help accelerate the transition to a low-carbon future, but this will require significant investment and policy interventions.

One positive development highlighted in the report is the growing momentum behind net-zero emissions targets. Several countries, including the UK, Japan, and South Korea, have recently announced plans to achieve net-zero emissions by 2050 or earlier. The report also notes the increasing role of non-state actors, such as cities, businesses, and civil society, in driving climate action.

However, the report warns that much more needs to be done to close the emissions gap and achieve the temperature goals of the Paris Agreement. It calls on countries to submit more ambitious NDCs by 2021, ahead of the UN Climate Change Conference (COP26) in Glasgow, and to enhance their adaptation efforts to cope with the impacts of climate change.

Overall, the Paris Agreement report underscores the need for urgent and ambitious action to address the climate crisis. As individuals, we can do our part by reducing our own emissions, supporting clean energy solutions, and holding our leaders accountable for climate action. Together, we can build a more sustainable and resilient future for ourselves and future generations.